TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is a suite of communication protocols that are used for communication over the Internet and other computer networks. TCP is responsible for the reliable transmission of data packets, while IP is responsible for the addressing and routing of data packets between networked computers.
TCP provides a connection-oriented, reliable, and ordered data transmission service, ensuring that data is delivered without errors and in the same order in which it was sent. It provides flow control and congestion control mechanisms to avoid network congestion and ensure that data is transmitted at a rate that is appropriate for the receiving end.
IP is a connectionless protocol that provides the logical addressing and routing of data packets between networked computers. It uses IP addresses to identify devices and routers to route data between networks. IP is responsible for the fragmentation and reassembly of packets to ensure that they can be transmitted over different types of network links.
Together, TCP and IP form the foundation of the Internet and are used to transport a wide variety of data, including web pages, emails, file transfers, and multimedia content. Other protocols, such as HTTP, FTP, and SMTP, are built on top of TCP/IP to provide higher-level services.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the standard protocol for communication between computers over the internet. It is a set of rules or protocols that defines how data is transmitted between computers.
TCP is responsible for breaking up data into small packets and ensuring that they are transmitted accurately and in order. It establishes a connection between two computers, and then it breaks the data down into small packets and sends them through the network. It also provides mechanisms for error detection, recovery, and flow control.
IP, on the other hand, is responsible for routing the packets to their destination. It handles the addressing and routing of data packets between computers. It defines how the packets are transmitted over the network and how they are reassembled at the destination computer.
When a computer wants to send data to another computer, it first establishes a connection using TCP. Once the connection is established, the data is broken down into small packets and sent over the network using IP. The packets are then reassembled at the destination computer, and the data is delivered to the receiving application.
TCP/IP is a reliable protocol because it guarantees that the data is transmitted accurately and in order. It is also very flexible and scalable, which makes it the protocol of choice for most internet communications.